le Château d'Yville - a classified 18th Century Historical
Monument in the Seine valley, in Normandy (France)
In the latter part of the 17th Century it became fashionable throughout
France to own châteaux and other buildings conforming to the aesthetic
rules of the finest buildings constructed by Louis XIV's architects,
based on new ideas of geometry and harmonic proportions.
In parallel, a new type of country residence or 'maison de campagne'
made its appearance. Without moats, somewhere between the Italian 'villa'
and the traditional 'château', these buildings found favour among
the powerful - the nobility and the political and financial gentry.
The château at Yville-sur-Seine is a fine example of this new
genre. It was built in the early 18th century on the site of a previous
building. It has always been attributed to the famous Royal architect,
Jules Hardouin-Mansart, who died in 1708. This attribution may be debatable,
but very strong influences of his style can be identified.
The domain of the Château d'Yville, covering more than 835,000
sq.m., has remained intact until the present day. Situated on a gentle
North-facing slope next to the village of Yville-sur-Seine, between
a meander of the Seine with its wet meadows, and the forested edge of
the chalk and clay plateau to the South, the château and grounds
were disposed in such as way as to take full visual advantage of the
Today, the château and domain are privately-owned and have been
restored. Initially listed in 1931, the park and château were
officially classified as a "Monument Historique classé"
by the French authorities in 2003.
Many of the original descriptive documents and plans of the château are missing; historical
and scientific investigations are underway to determine some of the
original designs for the gardens and grounds, and further restoration
history and ownership
The fief and seigneurie d'Yville existed before the 12th Century ...
the area may initially have been named Witvilla ... a certain Hugues
de Wiville was one of those who accompanied William the Conqueror to
England in 1066. In 1238 Yville belonged to Guillaume de la Houssaye,
who in that year gave (rented) the landing rights between Yville and
Jumièges to the monks of Jumièges. By 1300 the owner held
the title of Marquis d'Yville. The domain passed through various ownership
until 1708 when Marie Anne d'Espinay de St Luc sold it to François Le
Menu de La Noë.
The new château was started by François Le Menu de La Noë in
1708. After his bankruptcy the property was sold to Roger d'Estampes,
marquis de Mauny, in 1717, and then in 1720 to John
Law, the financier. After the "banqueroute nationale"
which brought his own bankruptcy and disgrace, the domain was seized,
and sold to Jean-Prosper Goujon de Gasville "Intendant de Rouen",
The château stayed in the Goujon de Gasville family until 1865,
when it passed by inheritance to cousin Paul de Malartic.
In 1983 it
was sold to M. Michel Frances, a collector of furniture and lover of châteaux, who completely renovated it from a disastrous state. Following his death in 1996 the château was sold to the present owner, an
Englishman, in 1997.
In 1723, the unfinished château and grounds were in an abandoned
and almost ruined state ... at that time, the grounds were planted with
peach, apple and pear trees as well as lime, elm and beech - and vines,
box, and other shrubs.
Jean-Jacques Martinet, appointed "ingénieur des Ponts et Chaussées"
in Rouen in 1716, and who worked for Jean-Prosper Goujon de Gasville
in the "généralité de Rouen", was given
the task of continuing the building work. He supplied further plans
and budgets (which have not been located), and finished the work in
Jean-Prosper Goujon de Gasville finally took up residence in his château
park, gardens, and domain
The grounds, whose origins may be traced back to the 11th Century and
were completed in 1742, are listed as a "Monument Historique".
The park, on a gentle slope running down to the Seine, is composed of
lines of plane- and lime-trees, with large expanses of roses. The arboretum
contains an extremely rich collection of Holly varieties
and species. The dovecote is one of the most impressive in the region.
<< descriptions to be completed >>
?kitchen - icehouse - lime oven - belvédère - dovecote
- chapel - stables - four à pain - maison du curé - maison
de la forêt - la ferme - vivier - dykes and sluice, stone bridge
- perspectives - irregular paths
to navigate this site, you
should know the following -
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- if you move the cursor (mouse) over a photo, you may see a short description
of the photo
- click on each photo, to see more photos or return to the text
- at the end of this historical theme, you will be able to return to
the other themes of this web site.
click on any link within this frame to see the
photos of the subject, click on the photo to return to the text
Historical information from before the 18th Century to the present
Other interesting related or partner web-sites <links>
site - navigation
To continue your visit, click here [i.e. anywhere within
this frame], or choose one of the links, above
You may do any of the following during your visit -
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Château d'Yville, 76530 Yville-sur-Seine, France
Liens // links
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